OsiaKassiani05Venerable Cassiane (Kassia) the Hymnographer

September 7

The Venerable Cassiane the Hymnographer grew up in Constantinople and was selected as one of two potential brides for the emperor. Secretly hoping not to be chosen as she wished to live her life as a monastic, the emperor stated to her that the greatest evil came into the world from a woman (i.e. Eve) to which she responded, likewise the greatest Good also came from a woman (i.e. the Theotokos). Because the emperor did not wish his bride to be more intelligent than he, he chose the other suitor whom he married. Cassiane then became a nun and then abbess of the convent Ebdomon where she composed many hymns for Christmas and other feast days of the Church. She is most well known for her composition of the Troparion of Cassiane which is chanted on Holy Tuesday night. In this hymn, the Saint likens herself to the sinful woman who repented at Christ’s feet. It is said that even if this hymn was the only one she had composed, this would be more than enough to number her among the greatest hymnographers of the Church.

Το Τροπάριο της Κασσιανής
Κύριε, ἡ ἐν πολλαῖς ἁμαρτίαις περιπεσοῦσα Γυνή,
τὴν σὴν αἰσθομένη Θεότητα, μυροφόρου ἀναλαβοῦσα τάξιν,
ὀδυρομένη μύρα σοι, πρὸ τοῦ ἐνταφιασμοῦ κομίζει.
Οἴμοι! λέγουσα, ὅτι νὺξ μοι, ὑπάρχει, οἶστρος ἀκολασίας,
ζοφώδης τε καὶ ἀσέληνος, ἔρως τῆς ἁμαρτίας.
Δέξαι μου τὰς πηγὰς τῶν δακρύων,
ὁ νεφέλαις διεξάγων τῆς θαλάσσης τὸ ὕδωρ·
κάμφθητί μοι πρὸς τοὺς στεναγμοὺς τῆς καρδίας,
ὁ κλίνας τοὺς Οὐρανούς, τῇ ἀφάτῳ σου κενώσει·
καταφιλήσω τοὺς ἀχράντους σου πόδας,
ἀποσμήξω τούτους δὲ πάλιν, τοῖς τῆς κεφαλῆς μου βοστρύχοις·
ὧν ἐν τῷ Παραδείσῳ Εὔα τὸ δειλινόν,
κρότον τοῖς ὠσὶν ἠχηθεῖσα, τῷ φόβῳ ἐκρύβη.
Ἁμαρτιῶν μου τὰ πλήθη καὶ κριμάτων σου ἀβύσσους,
τίς ἐξιχνιάσει ψυχοσῶστα Σωτήρ μου;
Μὴ με τὴν σὴν δούλην παρίδῃς, ὁ ἀμέτρητον ἔχων τὸ ἔλεος.

Ἀπολυτίκιον
Ἦχος α’.
Εν ωδαίς τε και ύμνοις οι πιστοί μεγαλύνωμεν της Κασσιανής υμνογράφου τα λαμπρά προτερήματα τιμής γαρ παριδούσα κοσμικής, αξίως εμνηστεύθη τω Χριστώ, Ηγουμένη εν Εβδόμου τε τη Μονή, εν δόξη διετέλεσεν Χαίροις μοναζουσών περιωπή, χαίροις παρθένων εύκλεια, χαίροις η μελωδήσασα Θεού τα άρρητα μυστήρια.

Ἀπολυτίκιον.
Ἦχος πλ. α΄. Τὸν συνάναρχον Λόγον.
Βασιλέως γηΐνου τὸν πόθον ἔρωτος, ὑπεριδοῦσαν ἐμφρόνως, Κασσιανὴν εὐκλεῆ, δι’ ἀγάπην τοῦ Παντάνακτος ὑμνήσωμεν, ὡς ἀρετῆς ὑπογραμμόν, καὶ ποιήτριαν σεπτήν, ᾀσμάτων ἀναβοῶντες· τῆς Βασιλείας εὐχαῖς σου, Θεοῦ ἡμᾶς μετόχους ποίησον.

Κοντάκιον.
Ἦχος πλ. δ΄. Τῇ Ὑπερμάχῳ.
Τὴν στολισθεῖσαν διὰ πάσης ἀγαθότητος, καὶ ἀρετῆς Κασσιανὴν τὴν θεοδόξαστον, ὑμνηπόλον δι’ ἀσκήσεως νυχθημέρου, τὴν Χριστῷ τῷ Βασιλεῖ εὐαρεστήσασαν, ὡς λαμπάδα κατανύξεως τιμήσωμεν, πόθῳ κράζοντες· Χαίροις μῆτερ ὑπέρλαμπρε.